The idea is that the stock market can be described through a functional that is constrained by endpoint conditions depending on characteristics of the stock or market, such as volume, duration, and geometric factors.
The theory borrows some concepts of relativity, but is simpler because the stock market occupies a single spatial dimension instead of three.
The results can explain why certain symmetries and patterns in the stock market exist. The modeling of discrete buy and sell orders has applications for option pricing.
The second is still a work in progress